A nucleoside analog antiviral drug that inhibits the replication of retroviruses such as HIV by interfering with the enzyme reverse transcriptase. Also called ddC.
[zal- (perhaps alteration of (de)s- variant of DE- + AL(COHOL), from the missing hydroxyl groups of cytidine) + -citabine, nucleoside analog antiviral and anticancer drug suff. (from shortening and alteration of cytarabine, an anticancer drug, blend of CYTOSINE arabinoside, compound containing arabinose).]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
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