woe·ful also wo·ful (wōfəl)
1. Affected by or full of woe; mournful: feeling woeful.
2. Causing, involving, or expressing woe: a woeful situation; woeful eyes.
3. Deplorably bad: woeful errors in judgment.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.