v. wak·ened, wak·en·ing, wak·ens
1. To rouse from sleep; awake: The noise wakened me.
2. To rouse from a quiescent or inactive state; stir.
3. To cause to be aware; alert or enlighten: The news wakened the king to his advisers' treachery.
1. To become awake; wake up: I plan to waken at six o'clock tomorrow. See Usage Note at wake1.
2. To become aware: wakened to the truth.
[Middle English wakenen, from Old English wæcnan; see weg- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.