tr.v. vi·o·lat·ed, vi·o·lat·ing, vi·o·lates
1. To disregard or act in a manner that does not conform to (a law or promise, for example).
2. To assault (a person) sexually.
3. To do harm to (property or qualities considered sacred); desecrate or defile.
4. To disturb rudely or improperly; interrupt: violated our privacy.
[Middle English violaten, from Latin violāre, violāt-, from vīs, vi-, force; see weiə- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.