v. vied, vy·ing (vīĭng), vies
To strive for victory or superiority; contend. See Synonyms at rival.
1. Archaic To offer in competition; match.
2. Obsolete To wager or bet.
[Short for Middle English envien, from Old French envier, from Latin invītāre, to invite, give occasion for; see INVITE.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.