Infliction of punishment in return for a wrong committed; retribution.
with a vengeance
1. With great violence or force.
2. To an extreme degree: December has turned cold with a vengeance.
[Middle English, from Old French, from vengier, to avenge, from Latin vindicāre; see VINDICATE.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.