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var·i·ance (vârē-əns, văr-)
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n.
1. The state or quality of being variant or variable; variation: considerable variance in temperature across the region.
2.
a. Difference or inconsistency: Your behavior is at variance with your beliefs.
b. The state or fact of being in disagreement or in conflict: I am at variance with her over who should pay for the damage.
3. Law
a. A discrepancy between two statements or documents, especially between the charge in a criminal indictment and the evidence presented.
b. An exception to the application of a usual rule, granted by an authority on the basis of hardship or practicality: a zoning variance.
4. Statistics The square of the standard deviation.
5. Chemistry The number of thermodynamic variables, such as temperature and pressure, required to specify a state of equilibrium of a system, given by the phase rule; the degrees of freedom of a system.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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