adv. or up·wards (-wərdz)
1. In, to, or toward a higher place, level, or position: flying upward.
2. Toward a higher position in a hierarchy or on a socioeconomic scale: a young executive moving upward fast.
3. Toward the head or upper parts: bare from the waist upward.
4. Toward a higher amount, degree, or rank: Prices soared upward.
5. Toward a later time or age: from adolescence upward.
Directed toward a higher place or position: upward movement.
More than; in excess of: "the onslaught of upwards of seventy divisions" (Winston S. Churchill).
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.