tr.v. up·set, up·set·ting, up·sets
1. To cause to overturn; knock or tip over: upset the flowerpot.
a. To disturb the functioning, order, or course of: Protesters upset the meeting by chanting and shouting. See Synonyms at overthrow.
b. To cause (the stomach) to feel ill.
3. To distress or perturb mentally or emotionally: The bad news upset me.
4. (ŭpsĕt′) To defeat unexpectedly (an opponent favored to win).
5. To make (a heated metal bolt, for example) shorter and thicker by hammering on the end.
1. The act of upsetting or the condition of being upset: the upset of the vase.
a. A disturbance, disorder, or state of agitation: an upset of my routine.
b. A condition of indigestion: a remedy for stomach upset.
3. A game, contest, or election in which the favorite is defeated.
a. A tool used for upsetting; a swage.
b. An upset part or piece.
1. Having been overturned: an upset vase.
2. Exhibiting signs and symptoms of indigestion: an upset stomach.
3. In a state of emotional or mental distress; distraught: upset parents.
[Middle English upsetten, to set up : up-, up- + setten, to set; see SET1.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.