un·du·late (ŭnjə-lāt′, ŭndyə-, -də-)
v. un·du·lat·ed, un·du·lat·ing, un·du·lates
1. To move in waves or with a smooth, wavelike motion: "gleaming seaweed that curls and undulates with the tide" (Willa Cather).
2. To have a wavelike appearance or form: dunes that undulate toward the sea.
3. To increase and decrease in volume or pitch.
1. To cause to move in a smooth wavelike motion: The dancer undulated her hips.
2. To give a wavelike appearance or form to: The rock strata are undulated.
adj. (-lĭt, -lāt′)
Having a wavy outline or appearance: leaves with undulate margins.
[From Late Latin undula, small wave, diminutive of Latin unda, wave; see wed-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
undu·la·to′ry (-lə-tôr′ē) adj.
(click for a larger image)undulate
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.