1. Offense or resentment: "On one occasion her insults had been so brilliant and finely calculated that the groom took umbrage and cancelled the wedding." (Salman Rushdie).
a. Shadow or shade: "the Red Maple ... with its cool, deep, yet not oppressive umbrage" (Donald Culross Peattie).
b. Trees or foliage affording shade.
[Middle English, shade, from Old French, from Latin umbrāticum, neuter of umbrāticus, of shade, from umbra, shadow.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.