n. pl. um·bo·nes (ŭm-bōnēz) or um·bos
1. The boss or knob at the center of a shield.
a. Biology A knoblike protuberance arising from a surface, as the prominence near the hinge of a bivalve shell or the raised area in the center of the cap of a mushroom.
b. Anatomy A small projection at the center of the outer surface of the eardrum.
[Latin umbō, umbōn-; see nobh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
umbo·nal (ŭmbə-nəl, ŭm-bōnəl) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.