1. A natural brown earth containing ferric oxide and manganese oxides, used as pigment.
2. Any of the shades of brown produced by umber in its various states.
1. Of or related to umber.
2. Having a brownish color.
tr.v. um·bered, um·ber·ing, um·bers
To darken with or as if with umber.
[French (terre d') ombre or Italian (terra di) ombra, shadow (earth), both possibly from alteration (influenced by French ombre and Italian ombra, shadow) of Latin Umbria, Umbria.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.