1. Any of various plants or plant parts used by certain Native American peoples as food, especially the edible root of certain arums or the sclerotium of certain fungi.
2. See arrow arum.
[From a Virginia Algonquian word meaning “root of arrow arum“ (attested in the spelling tockawhoughe in John Smith's 1624 English-language account of Virginia), ultimately from, Proto-Algonquian *takwah-, to crush, pound (into flour); compare Cree takwaham, he crushes, pounds, Fox tagwahâni, hominy, and Shawnee takhwa, bread.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.