1. A partial wig or hairpiece worn to cover a bald spot.
2. A curl or lock of hair worn during the 1700s as a topknot on a periwig.
[French toupet, diminutive of Old French toupe, tuft of hair, from Frankish *top.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.