1. Having a specified temper or disposition. Often used in combination: sweet-tempered; ill-tempered.
2. Adjusted or attuned by the addition of a counterbalancing element; moderated or measured: "Party elites in Washington were content with a politics of compromise and tempered ideology" (Bill Bishop).
3. Made appropriately hard or flexible by tempering: a sword of tempered steel.
4. Having the requisite degree of hardness or elasticity. Used of glass or a metal.
5. Music Tuned to temperament. Used of a scale, an interval, a semitone, or intonation.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.