1. Hinduism Any of various aphoristic doctrinal summaries produced for memorization generally between 500 and 200 BC and later incorporated into Hindu literature.
2. also sut·ta (stə) Buddhism A scriptural narrative, especially a text traditionally regarded as a discourse of the Buddha.
[Sanskrit sūtram, thread, sutra; see syū- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.