v. sued, su·ing, sues
1. Law To initiate or pursue legal proceedings against (another party).
2. Archaic To court; woo.
3. Obsolete To make a petition to; appeal to; beseech.
1. Law To initiate or pursue legal proceedings; bring suit.
2. To make an appeal or entreaty: "When you have gone too far to recede, do not sue to me for leniency" (Charles Dickens).
3. Archaic To pursue a courtship; woo.
[Middle English sewen, from Anglo-Norman suer, from Vulgar Latin *sequere, to follow, from Latin sequī; see sekw-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.