1. Provision of help, aid, or support.
2. An endowment or a subsidy, as that given by a government to an institution for research; a grant of financial aid.
[Middle English subvencioun, a subsidy by the state, from Old French subvention, monetary assistance, from Late Latin subventiō, subventiōn-, assistance, from Latin subventus, past participle of subvenīre, to come to help : sub-, beneath, behind; see SUB- + venīre, to come; see gwā- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.