1. Having been passed through a strainer: a bowl of strained peaches.
2. Done with or marked by excessive effort; forced: strained humor.
3. Extended beyond proper limits: a strained meaning.
4. Antagonized to the verge of open conflict: strained relations.
5. Twisted; wrenched: a strained ankle.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.