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smith (smĭth)
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n.
1. A metalworker, especially one who works metal when it is hot and malleable. Often used in combination: a silversmith; a goldsmith.
2. A blacksmith.
3. One who makes or works at something specified. Often used in combination: a locksmith; a wordsmith.

[Middle English, from Old English.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Bessie 1894?-1937.
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American singer and songwriter who became a leading blues performer in the 1920s and made nearly 200 recordings, often with musicians such as Louis Armstrong and Benny Goodman.
(click for a larger image)
Bessie Smith
photographed c. 1925

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, William 1769-1839.
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British geologist whose observation that fossil-containing strata appear in the same sequence in different geographical locations is a foundation of modern geology. He also created an important geological map of most of Great Britain (1815).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Michael 1932-2000.
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British-born Canadian biochemist who shared a 1993 Nobel Prize for developing a method for making a specific genetic mutation at any spot on a DNA molecule.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith (smĭth), Adam 1723-1790.
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Scottish political economist and philosopher. His Wealth of Nations (1776) laid the foundations of classical free-market economic theory.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Margaret Chase 1897-1995.
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American politician who served as US representative (1940-1949) and senator (1949-1973) from Maine. She was the first woman to serve in both houses of Congress.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Kathryn Elizabeth Known as "Kate." 1909?-1986.
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American singer noted especially for her rendition of Irving Berlin's "God Bless America," first performed in 1938.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, John 1580?-1631.
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English colonist, explorer, and writer who helped establish the colony at Jamestown (1607). His maps and accounts of his explorations in Virginia and New England were invaluable to later explorers and colonists.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Julia Evelina 1792-1886.
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American suffragist. With her sister Abby Hadassah Smith (1797-1878) she became famous for refusing to pay taxes until she could vote.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Jedediah Strong 1799-1831.
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American trader and explorer who opened a number of trade routes throughout the West.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Joseph1805-1844.
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American religious leader. He founded (1830) the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and led his congregation westward from New York State to western Illinois, where he was murdered by an anti-Mormon mob.
(click for a larger image)
Joseph Smith

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Ian Douglas 1919-2007.
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Zimbabwean politician who became prime minister of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) in 1964 and unilaterally declared independence from Great Britain in 1965, at which time the country was renamed Rhodesia. He remained prime minister until 1979.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Hannah Whitall 1832-1911.
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American evangelist, writer, and reformer who was a founder of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (1874).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, Hamilton Othanel Born 1931.
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American microbiologist. He shared a 1978 Nobel Prize for isolating restriction enzymes and demonstrating how they cleave DNA.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
Smith, David 1906-1965.
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American sculptor best known for his use of scrap and welded metal and for his Medals for Dishonor (1940), a series of bronze relief plaques depicting his opposition to violence and greed.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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