adj. shal·low·er, shal·low·est
1. Measuring little from bottom to top or surface; lacking physical depth.
2. Lacking depth of intellect, emotion, or knowledge: "This is a shallow parody of America" (Lloyd Rose).
3. Marked by insufficient inhalation of air; weak: shallow respirations.
4. In the part of a playing area that is closer to home plate: shallow left field.
often shallows A part of a body of water of little depth; a shoal: abandoned the boat in the shallows.
tr. & intr.v. shal·lowed, shal·low·ing, shal·lows
To make or become shallow.
[Middle English schalowe.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.