v. scraped, scrap·ing, scrapes
1. To remove (an outer layer, for example) from a surface by forceful strokes of an edged or rough instrument: scraped the wallpaper off before painting the wall.
2. To abrade or smooth by rubbing with a sharp or rough instrument.
3. To rub (a surface) with considerable pressure, as with an edged instrument or a hard object.
4. To draw (a hard or abrasive object) forcefully over a surface: scraped my fingernails down the blackboard.
5. To injure the surface of by rubbing against something rough or sharp: scraped my knee on the sidewalk.
6. To amass or produce with difficulty: scrape together some cash.
1. To come into sliding, abrasive contact.
2. To rub or move with a harsh grating noise.
3. To give forth a harsh grating noise.
4. To economize or save money by paying attention to very small amounts; scrimp.
5. To succeed or manage with difficulty: scraped through by a narrow margin.
a. The act of scraping.
b. The sound of scraping.
2. An abrasion on the skin.
a. An embarrassing or difficult predicament.
b. A fight; a scuffle. See Synonyms at brawl.
[Middle English scrapen, from Old Norse skrapa; see sker-1 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.