v. sa·lut·ed, sa·lut·ing, sa·lutes
1. To greet or address with an expression of welcome, goodwill, or respect.
2. To recognize (a superior) with a gesture prescribed by military regulations, as by raising the hand to the cap.
a. To honor formally and ceremoniously: saluted the fallen soldiers in his remarks.
b. To express warm approval of; commend: salute an agency for its charity work.
4. To become noticeable to: A stench saluted our nostrils.
To make a gesture of greeting or respect.
1. An act of greeting; a salutation.
a. An act or gesture of welcome, honor, or courteous recognition: a musical salute to the composer's 90th birthday.
b. The position of the hand or rifle or the bodily posture of a person saluting a military superior.
3. A formal military display of honor or greeting, such as the firing of cannon.
[Middle English saluten, from Latin salūtāre, from salūs, salūt-, health; see sol- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.