sa·hib (sähĭb, -ĭb, säb)
1. Used as a form of address for a man in South Asia.
2. A European man in colonial India.
3. A male mountaineer employing Sherpas or porters in the Himalayas.
[Hindi and Urdu sāhab, master, from Arabic ṣāḥib, companion, master, participle of ṣaḥiba, to become friends; see ṣḥb in the Appendix of Semitic roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.