1. A heavy cavalry sword with a one-edged, slightly curved blade.
2. A light dueling or fencing sword having an arched guard covering the hand and a tapered flexible blade with a cutting edge on one side and on the tip.
tr.v. sa·bered, sa·ber·ing, sa·bers
1. To hit, injure, or kill with a saber.
2. To remove the tip of (a Champagne bottle) by swiping a saber or similar instrument along the bottle's seam until it hits the lip at the bottle's tip. The pressure inside the bottle causes the tip of the glass and the cork to shoot off together.
[French sabre, from obsolete German sabel, from Middle High German, from Hungarian szablya, perhaps (probably via a word in a Turkic language akin to Kyrgyz selebe) ultimately of Tungusic origin; akin to Manchu seleme, dagger, from sele, iron.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.