1. The fleshy hindquarters of an animal.
2. A cut of beef or veal from the rump.
3. The buttocks.
4. The part of a bird's back nearest the tail.
5. The last or inferior part.
6. A legislature having only a small part of its original membership and therefore being unrepresentative or lacking in authority.
[Middle English rumpe, of Scandinavian origin.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.