1. A long loose flowing outer garment, especially:
a. often robes An official garment worn on formal occasions to show office or rank, as by a judge or high church official.
b. An academic gown.
c. A dressing gown or bathrobe.
2. robes Clothes; apparel.
3. A blanket or covering made of material, such as fur or cloth: a lap robe.
v. robed, rob·ing, robes
To cover or dress in a robe or in something that functions like a robe: fields that were robed with snow.
To put on a robe or robes.
[Middle English, from Old French robe, booty, movable personal possessions like clothing, robe, of Germanic origin; see reup- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.