1. Not flexible or pliant; stiff: a rigid material. See Synonyms at stiff.
2. Not moving or flexing: rigid muscles.
3. Not changing or adjusting to different conditions or problems: a rigid thinker; a rigid hierarchy.
4. Scrupulously or severely maintained or performed; rigorous or harsh: rigid discipline.
5. Being an airship with a external frame made of rigid parts.
[Middle English rigide, from Latin rigidus, from rigēre, to be stiff; see reig- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.