1. Any of various shrubby, usually prickly plants of the genus Rubus of the rose family that bear edible fruit, especially R. idaeus of eastern North America and Eurasia.
2. The aggregate fruit of any of these plants, consisting of many small, fleshy, usually red drupelets.
3. A moderate to dark or deep purplish red.
4. Slang A derisive or contemptuous sound made by vibrating the extended tongue and the lips while exhaling.
[Obsolete raspis, raspberries (perhaps from Middle English raspise, rospeys, a kind of rose-colored wine; akin to Old French (vin) raspé, wine made by fermenting marc and grape stalks mixed with water from raspe, grape stalks, from rasper, to grate; see RASP) + BERRY. Sense 4, possibly short for raspberry tart, rhyming slang for FART.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
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