1. Of, relating to, or located in the region of the sphenoid bone: a pterygoid muscle.
2. Resembling a wing; winglike.
Either of two processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone.
[Greek pterugoeidēs, winglike : pterux, pterug-, wing; see pet- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + -oeidēs, -oid.]
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Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.