1. An officer charged with assisting courts in the investigation of defendants' backgrounds and circumstances to assist in the determination of appropriate sentences and in the supervision of convicted offenders who have received a sentence of probation.
2. A similar officer charged with investigating the backgrounds and circumstances of juveniles to determine appropriate outcomes in delinquency proceedings and with supervising those adjudged delinquent.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.