1. To have a sexual affair with someone who is not one's spouse or partner. Used especially of a man.
2. To have many casual sexual affairs. Used especially of a man.
3. Archaic To flirt. Used especially of a man.
, lover, from Philander
, former literary name for a lover, from
, loving or fond of men : phil-, philo-
, philo- + anēr, andr-
, man; see ner-2 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.
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