1. Relating to or characteristic of a father or fatherhood; fatherly.
2. Received or inherited from a father: a paternal trait.
3. Related through one's father: my paternal aunt.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin paternālis, from Latin paternus, from pater, father; see pəter- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.