1. Any of various Eurasian, African, or Australian birds of the family Oriolidae, the males of which often have black and bright yellow or green plumage.
2. Any of various similar birds of the family Icteridae found throughout the Americas, the males of which have primarily black and yellow or orange plumage.
[Obsolete French oriol, from Old French, from Latin aureolus, diminutive of aureus, golden, from aurum, gold.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.