1. In the ancient Roman calendar, the ninth day (inclusively) before the ides of a month, falling on the seventh day of March, May, July, or October and the fifth day of the other months.
a. The fifth of the seven canonical hours. No longer in liturgical use.
b. The time of day appointed for this service, usually the ninth hour after sunrise.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin nōnae, feminine pl. of nōnus, ninth; see new in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.