1. A visual defect in which distant objects appear blurred because their images are focused in front of the retina rather than on it. Also called nearsightedness, short sight.
2. Lack of discernment or long-range perspective in thinking or planning: "For Lorca, New York is a symbol of spiritual myopia" (Edwin Honig).
[Greek muōpiā, from muōps, muōp-, nearsighted : mūein, to close the eyes + ōps, eye; see okw- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
my·opic (-ŏpĭk, -ōpĭk) adj.
(click for a larger image)myopia
top: normal eye with light focused on the retinabottom:myopic eye with light focused in front of the retina
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.