A word-for-word translation.
tr.v. met·a·phrased, met·a·phras·ing, met·a·phras·es
1. To translate, especially literally.
2. To manipulate the wording of (a text), especially as a means of subtly altering the sense.
[New Latin metaphrasis, from Greek, translation, paraphrase, from metaphrazein, to translate : meta-, meta- + phrazein, to tell, show; see gwhren- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
met′a·phrastic (-frăstĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.