1. A small spiny evergreen tree (Citrus reticulata) native to Southeast Asia, widely cultivated for its sweet edible fruit.
2. The small, loose-skinned, orange-yellow to deep orange-red fruit of this tree.
[French mandarine, from Spanish mandarina, feminine of mandarín, mandarin; see MANDARIN.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.