mag·is·trate (măjĭ-strāt′, -strĭt)
1. A judge or justice of a local or inferior court; a justice of the peace.
2. A judge in a court having jurisdiction over the trial of misdemeanors and preliminary hearings involving felonies.
3. A public official with the chief administrative power in a district or region.
[Middle English magistrat, from Old French, from Latin magistrātus, from magister, magistr-, master; see meg- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.