a. Of, relating to, or characteristic of a particular place: a local custom; the local slang.
b. Of or relating to a city, town, or district rather than a larger area: state and local government.
2. Not broad or general; not widespread: local outbreaks of flu.
3. Of or affecting a specific part of the body: a local infection.
4. Making all possible or scheduled stops on a route; not express: a local train.
1. A public conveyance that makes several intermediate stops before the final destination is reached: changed trains to a local.
2. A local chapter or branch of an organization, especially of a labor union.
3. A local anesthetic.
4. Informal A person from a particular locality.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin locālis, from Latin locus, place.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.