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lobster ther·mi·dor (thûrmĭ-dôr)
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n.
A dish consisting of cooked lobster meat mixed with a cream sauce, put into a lobster shell, sprinkled with cheese, and browned.

[Translation of French homard thermidor, so named in 1896 by M. Paillard, proprietor of the Parisian restaurant where Auguste Escoffier invented the dish around 1880, after Thermidor, a controversial 1891 play by Victorien Sardou, successfully revived in the 1896 season, whose story takes place at the time of the fall of Maximilien de Robespierre in the summer of 1794, from thermidor, the 11th month of the calendar used during the French Revolution (beginning July 19 and ending August 18 in the Gregorian calendar) : Greek thermē, heat; see THERM + Greek dōron, gift; see dō- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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