1. Discolored, as from a bruise; black-and-blue.
2. Ashen or pallid: a face livid with shock.
3. Extremely angry; furious.
[Middle English livide, from Old French, from Latin līvidus, from līvēre, to be bluish; see sleiə- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
li·vidi·ty, livid·ness n.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.