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lash 1 (lăsh)
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n.
1.
a. A stroke or blow with or as if with a whip.
b. A whip.
c. The flexible portion of a whip, such as a plait or thong.
2. Punishment administered with a whip.
3.
a. A lacerating presence or power: the lash of conscience.
b. A caustic verbal attack.
4. An eyelash.
v. lashed, lash·ing, lash·es
v.tr.
1. To strike with or as if with a whip.
2. To strike against with force or violence: sleet lashing the roof.
3. To beat or swing rapidly: The alligator lashed its tail in the water.
4. To make a scathing oral or written attack against.
5. To drive or goad; sting: words that lashed them into action.
v.intr.
1. To move swiftly or violently; thrash: heard the snake lashing about in the leaves.
2.
a. To aim a sudden blow; strike: The mule lashed out with its hind legs.
b. To beat; flail: waves lashing at the shore.
3. To make a scathing verbal or written attack. Often used with out: lashed out at her critics during the interview.

[Middle English, probably from lashen, to deal a blow, perhaps of imitative origin.]

lasher n.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 
lash 2 (lăsh)
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tr.v. lashed, lash·ing, lash·es
To secure or bind, as with a rope, cord, or chain.

[Middle English lashen, lasen, to lace, from Old French lachier, lacier, from Vulgar Latin *laceāre, from Latin laqueāre, to ensnare, from laqueus, snare; see LACE.]

lasher n.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices

    Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:

    Indo-European Roots

    Semitic Roots

    The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.

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