1. An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view: a desert landscape.
2. A picture depicting an expanse of scenery.
3. The branch of art dealing with the representation of natural scenery.
4. The aspect of the land characteristic of a particular region: a bleak New England winter landscape.
5. Grounds that have been landscaped: liked the house especially for its landscape.
6. An extensive mental view; an interior prospect: "They occupy the whole landscape of my thought" (James Thurber).
7. The orientation of a page such that the shorter side runs from top to bottom.
v. land·scaped, land·scap·ing, land·scapes
To adorn or improve (a section of ground) by contouring and by planting flowers, shrubs, or trees.
To arrange grounds aesthetically or maintain grounds as a profession.
[Dutch landschap, from Middle Dutch landscap, region : land, land; see lendh- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots + -scap, state, condition (collective suff.).]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.