ketch·up (kĕchəp, kăch-) also catch·up (kăchəp, kĕch-) or cat·sup (kătsəp, kăchəp, kĕch-)
A condiment consisting of a thick, smooth-textured, spicy sauce usually made from tomatoes.
[Malay kicap, sauce made from fermented fish, from Chinese (Hokkien) kê-chiap : kê, pickled fish (from Middle Chinese xjɦjaːj also the source of Mandarin xié) + chiap, juice, sauce, brine (from Middle Chinese xjɦjaːj; also the source of Mandarin zhī).]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2020 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.