justice of the peace
n. pl. justices of the peace Abbr. JP
An official, especially one associated with a town or county, with judicial power over certain civil cases involving small amounts of damages and certain criminal cases involving minor offenses, as well as exercising other limited powers, such as the power to perform marriages and to authorize arrests.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2019 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.