hog (hôg, hŏg)
a. Any of various mammals of the family Suidae, which includes the domesticated pig as well as wild species, such as the wild boar and the warthog.
b. A domesticated pig weighing over 54 kilograms (120 pounds).
a. A self-indulgent, gluttonous, or filthy person.
b. One that uses too much of something.
3. also hogg
a. Chiefly British A young sheep before it has been shorn.
b. The wool from this type of sheep.
4. Slang A big, heavy motorcycle.
v. hogged, hog·ging, hogs
1. Informal To take more than one's share of: Don't hog the couch.
2. To cause (the back) to arch like that of a hog.
3. To cut (a horse's mane) short and bristly.
4. To shred (waste wood, for example) by machine.
Nautical To arch upward in the middle. Used of a ship's keel.
high on/off the hog Slang
In a lavish or extravagant manner: lived high on the hog after getting his inheritance.
[Middle English, from Old English hogg, possibly of Celtic origin; see sū- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2022 by HarperCollins Publishers. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.