1. One of a set of parallel cords or wires in a loom, used to separate and guide the warp threads and make a path for the shuttle.
2. A frame fitted with rigid wooden or plastic strips and used for the same purpose, especially in smaller looms.
[Probably alteration of Middle English helde, from Old English hefeld; see kap- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2018 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Indo-European & Semitic Roots Appendices
Thousands of entries in the dictionary include etymologies that trace their origins back to reconstructed proto-languages. You can obtain more information about these forms in our online appendices:
The Indo-European appendix covers nearly half of the Indo-European roots that have left their mark on English words. A more complete treatment of Indo-European roots and the English words derived from them is available in our Dictionary of Indo-European Roots.