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haz·ard (hăzərd)
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n.
1.
a. A chance of being injured or harmed: Space travel is full of hazards.
b. Risk or danger: a high degree of hazard.
2. A possible source of danger: This room is a fire hazard.
3. Games A game played with dice that is a forerunner of craps and was especially popular in England in the 1600s and 1700s.
4. Sports An obstacle, such as a sand trap, found on a golf course.
5. Archaic Chance or an accident.
tr.v. haz·ard·ed, haz·ard·ing, haz·ards
1. To expose to danger or risk. See Synonyms at endanger.
2.
a. To venture (something): hazard a guess.
b. To express at the risk of denial, criticism, or censure: "The wise young captain ... hazarded to the lieutenant-colonel that the enemy's infantry would probably soon attack the hill" (Stephen Crane).

[Middle English hasard, a kind of dice game, from Old French, from Old Spanish azar, unlucky throw of the dice, chance, possibly from Arabic az-zahr, the die : al-, the + zahr, die (possibly from zahr, flowers (the losing sides of some medieval dice perhaps being decorated with images of flowers), from zahara, to shine, be radiant; see zhr in the Appendix of Semitic roots).]

The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition copyright ©2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
 

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